Pork Production

The Earth currently has about 19.6 billion chickens, 1.4 billion cattle, and 980 million pigs being raised as livestock. If you added them all up, they'd weigh more than humans and all other wild animals combined

The highest concentrations of pigs are found in China and in other Eastern Pacific countries. Pigs are also densely distributed in European countries while only a few countries in Africa (e.g. South Africa, Uganda, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Nigeria and Togo) have significant densities. Relatively high concentrations are also found in Central America and in Brazil.

Pork Consumption

Pork is the most widely eaten meat in the world. Pork accounts for over 40% of the world’s meat consumption, and is followed by poultry (34.1%) and beef (21%) and others (4.7%).

World Meat/Poultry Cosumption

Africa’s pork consumption is growing, but is not yet as high as the global average. However, the growing demand for pork on the continent presents unique business opportunities. In fact, FAO estimates that the consumption of pork in Africa will grow by an average of 3.3 percent until 2050.

South Africa per capita consumption of pork is estimate at 4.8kg giving it a global position of 36 among the best pork consuming countries in the world, Uganda and Cote d’Ivoire takes 42nd and 43rd position with per capita consumption estimated at 4.5 and 4.4 respectively. These are followed by Burkina Faso 2.7kg, Nigeria 1.4kg and Cameroon 1kg.

Pork is the most abundantly produced meat worldwide (10.4 million ton). Most of it comes from Asia (55%), Europe (25%) and the Americas (18%). Only 1% of pig meat comes from Africa. In sub-Saharan Africa, pig stocks are still much smaller, and only account for 3% of all livestock heads (excluding poultry). Nigeria has the largest stock (6.6 Million pigs), but ranks only 22nd worldwide. South Africa produces 26% of sub-Saharan Africa’s pig meat, Nigeria 19% and Uganda 12%. Pig stocks follow a similar pattern. In Nigeria and Uganda production has steadily increased since the 1980s. South Africa saw moderate increases between the 1960s and 2000 and a sharper increase since 2000.

Sources: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, UN Food & Agricultural Organization; Includes turkey consumption for 2014, the most recent year for which data are available; Includes Mutton/Goat consumption for 2011, the most recent year for which data are available