Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa whose diverse landscape encompasses the snow-capped Rwenzori Mountains and immense Lake Victoria. Its abundant wildlife includes chimpanzees as well as rare birds. Remote Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a renowned mountain gorilla sanctuary. Murchison Falls National Park in the northwest is known for its 43m-tall waterfall and wildlife such as hippos.

It is bordered to the east by Kenya, to the north by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the south-west by Rwanda, and to the south by Tanzania. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, shared with Kenya and Tanzania. Uganda is in the African Great Lakes region. Uganda also lies within the Nile basin, and has a varied but generally a modified equatorial climate.

The country’s capital is Kampala and the seating president is H.E Yoweri Museveni. It has a population of about 41.6 Million people (World Bank 2016) and the country’s official language is English.


Pork has become increasingly important in Uganda over the past two decades; from 1985 – 2005, pork production has increased tenfold. Whereas pork accounted for only 1-2% of the 11-12 kg/yr per capita meat consumption in the 1960s, it now accounts for at least a third of the current 10kg/yr (FAOSTAT, 2010).

Meat production in Uganda

Type Amount (1,000 tonnes)
Beef 96.8
Pig meat 77.4
Chicken meat 44.1
Goat meat 24.6
Sheep meat 5.3

The livestock sample-based census conducted in 2008 recorded 3.2 million pigs, a remarkable doubling of the numbers from recent years and much higher than those reported in FAOSTAT. As a consequence, pork is second only to beef in terms of meat production in Uganda. Since imports and exports of meat products are negligible, this ranking also reflects the relative importance currently of pork in terms of meat consumption.

Pig sector indicators in 5 sub-Saharan African countries with the highest pig populations, 2007

Country Number of pigs (million head) Pigmeat production (1,000 tonnes) Pigmeat consumption (kg/person/yr)
Nigeria 6.6 209 1.4
Burkina Faso 2.8 40 2.7
Uganda 2.1 105 3.4
South Africa 1.7 174 3.5
Cameroon 1.4 18 1.0

Source: (FAOSTAT, 2010)

Out of the 5 sub-Saharan Africa countries with higher pig population, Uganda exhibits the second highest consumption per capita of pork of any country in Africa, and is ranked 3rd on the continent in absolute number of pigs. It also appears to be experiencing the most rapid growth. The majority of pigs are kept in smallholder households under extensive systems with rapidly growing numbers of peri-urban small-scale, semi-intensive farms and a few larger modern, intensive farms producing for commercial sale. The 2008 Livestock Census reports that 1.1 million households, or 17% of all households, keep pigs in Uganda.